I feel like every comic relief character is expected to be either cute, crude, funny, witty, or stupid. Oftentimes, this is all those characters are, making them very one-dimensional and even throwaway characters. However, I believe the most memorable comic relief characters are more than just good for a few cheap jokes or slapstick antics.
Comic relief characters are a literary tool meant to relieve tension when the audience can get too wound up in the conflict and need a laugh. They're most common in suspense stories, because sometimes if a story takes itself too seriously it can come across as bland and boring. On the flipside, unless your story is a blatant satire or comedy, too many jokes can cheapen the story. Thus a good balance of comedy must be struck and often you need a good comic relief character to take on that mantel.
1.) Funny Doesn't Have to Equal Stupid - This is an especially notorious feature in any sort of media where kids are remotely involved. It seems that most filmmakers for this sort of demographic believe all kids love idiotic characters who thrive on potty humor. Newsflash: even as a small child I never liked potty humor. Maybe I'm the exception, but I never laughed at it when I was kid. I just found it uncomfortable.
Example: Hei-Hei (Moana) - Before the pitch-forks come out, I like Hei-Hei. He is very funny, and the stupidest chicken I've ever seen anywhere. When Maui puts the grains in front of him and he pecks totally not even close to the food, I about died laughing, but ... that's the thing Hei-Hei only made me laugh. I never felt any other emotion for him. Hei-Hei was there to make you laugh at his stupid antics and that's it. Purpose served, but nothing else.
Example: Sokka (Avatar: The Last Airbender) - Sokka really broke the mold for his age demographic. Most of the comic relief characters on Nickelodeon were just as I described in the intro for this section: dumb and crude. However, Sokka is very funny but also very intelligent. Throughout the show, he comes up with many inventions, battle strategies, and more, while still making you double over from his sarcastic, meat-loving, non-bender personality.
2.) There's a Fine Line Between Funny and Annoying - Jokes can get old. Jokes can be ill-timed. Jokes can just be well ... not funny. When this happens, viewers/readers can get fast annoyed with your comic relief character.
He got on my nerves really fast. I was literally cringing. Some could argue this was Kristoff's fault. Well he did it whenever Sven was around ... so ...
Example: Riley Poole (National Treasure) - Anyone who has seen National Treasure knows that Riley made this film. I thought all of his jokes were perfectly-timed. He could have easily became annoying, but he had a perfect mix of skepticism, sarcasm, and wit that just made him lovable throughout the whole movie. I never found him annoying once. He didn't bog down the other characters. In fact, he was very important for the plot. More on that later on.
3.) They Need to Help More Than Mess Up - When a comic relief character seems to be doing more harm than help to the protagonist this can also cause them to be annoying. It makes the readers wish they would just put the poor sod out of his misery, so he doesn't kill them all or even why is this character even here in the first place?
Example: Effie Trinket (The Hunger Games series) - Effie at first seems really shallow and only wants to do her job and help the Capitol, but as time goes by she becomes more and more essential to the plot as she encourages and even helps Katniss and Peeta. In the Mockingjay Part 1 and 2, she's a big moral support to Katniss. She pulls her weight as a character without messing things up.
4.) Comic Relief Characters Don't Have to Be Happy All of the Time - Comic relief characters are human too, which means they can feel more than just happiness. They have the capability to be sad, serious, embarrassed, angry, etc.
Example: Merry and Pippin (The Lord of the Rings trilogy) - Merry and Pippin are definitely the class clowns of the Fellowship of the Ring, but they also feel other emotions besides happiness. They feel grief for Gandalf and when they think Frodo has died. They feel anger when Boromir is killed and the Ents are refusing to help the world of men. They feel fear when they encounter the Nazgul and when they're taken by the Uruk-hai. They may be generally silly and fun, but they're also two little hobbits with depth and dimensions.
5.) Comic Relief Characters Need a Purpose Outside of Being Funny - Out of all of these tips, this one is probably the most important. A comic relief character's goal in life isn't to make some invisible audience out there laugh on occasion. These characters need to have goals and life ambitions of their own. They need to contribute to the plot and have importance to the cast.
Example: Meyrin, Finny, & Bardroy (Black Butler) - At first this trio of the worst house staff ever seem like they're just there to create laugh sand show you how amazing Sebastian is as a butler. As the show went on I began to ask, "So why did Sebastian hire these three in the first place if they're so bad at their jobs?" It turns out that these three are all elite fighters and Sebastian hired them to protect Master Ciel. All of these characters were saved from very bad situations, so they have a deep devotion to Sebastian and Ciel from liberating them from their previous lives.
Conclusion - I could go on and on about some of my other favorite comic relief characters like Leonard McCoy (Star Trek), Nora (RWBY), and Maximums (Tangled), but I'll stop there. Comic relief characters can turn out to be some of those most in depth and most loved characters of a story!
Have you ever written any comic relief characters? Who is your favorite comic relief character? Let's discuss!
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